Oakey is situated 29km north west of Toowoomba along the Warrego highway and is home to about 4000 residents. It is located on the edge of the resource rich Surat Basin, with coal mining operating in the surrounding area. Local rural industries are predominantly cropping, beef grazing and feedlotting. An abattoir is located on the western side of the town.
Oakey has a large range of retail and commercial outlets, a library, cultural and community centre, olympic size swimming pool, golf course and RSL. There is also two schools, day care and preschool centres, a local hospital, a nursing home facility and two general practices.
Just outside town, the Australian Army Aviation Centre provides a training facility and hosts a Singapore Armed Forces Helicopter Squadron. The Australian Army Flying Museum displays all aircraft flown by the Australian Army since World War 2, including the latest high-tech military helicopters. Other remarkable flying machines on display include a replica Bristol Box kite that was used to train pilots in World War 1.